Spain Facts and Figures

    The official name of Spain is Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain), its ruled by King Juan Carlos I, Madrid is the capital and the main language is Castilian Spanish.
The population in 2007 was estimated at 45,321,000 and they share a space of a country that covers an area of 504,645 km of mid place/194.845 space.
although its thought of as a Catholic country, there is no official religion and the currency is the euro.
The landscape of Spain appealed, speckled with castles, aqueducts and ancient ruins, but its cities are overwhelmingly modern.

    Andalos the capital of Sevilla (Seville) is famed for its musical culture and its ancient traditions, the Catalonian capital of Barcelona for its spectacular architecture and maritime industry and the national capital of Madrid for its back streets, its museums, libraries, and its around-the-lifestyle clock.
Madrid is Spain's largest city and is also its financial and cultural center, as this has been for hundreds of years Spain Beautiful and historic country of elegant cities, mountains, snow-capped, stone castles, picturesque fishing harbors, sandy beaches and vast monuments, all of whom did a travel destination desired.

    The country is geographically and culturally diverse.
At its center is the Masetti, a half a mile wide central plateau above the sea level Much of the region is traditionally given over to cattle ranching and grain production, large windmills marked with dots the landscape in several places.
In eastern North Country is the wide valley of the Ebro River, the mountainous region of Catalonia, and the hilly coastal plain of Valencia.
To the west of the north are the Cantabrian Mountains, a rugged range in which heavily forested, rain-swept valleys are dotted with large peaks.
To the south are abundant citrus orchards and irrigated lands of the valley of the Guadalquivir River, celebrated in the words of renowned Spanish poet Antonio Machado and Federico Garcia Lorca, on the valley raise the snow-capped Sierra Nevada.

    The southern portion of the country is desert and has been known to Americans by the spaghetti Western films of the 60s and early 70s.
The Mediterranean coast of south-east and the Balearic Islands are lined with palms, cacti, bushes of rosemary, and other tropical vegetation and enjoys a mild climate, drawing millions of visitors and retires, especially north Europe.
Many different cultures have entered the Spanish do, those of Castilian, Catalonian, Lusitanian, Galician, Basque, Romans, Arabs, Jews and Roma (Gypsies) among other peoples, are renowned for their varied cuisines, their customs and their creative contributions to the world's artistic heritage.

    Counties Roman conquerors left their language, their roads and monuments.
Many Roman empires greatest rulers were Spanish, among them Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius.
The Moors, who ruled Spain for almost 800 years, left a legacy of good architecture, lyric poetry and science.
The Roma has contributed the haunting music called the cante jondo (a form of flamenco).
Even the Vandals, Huns and Visigoths who swept across Spain following the fall of Rome is remembered in words and monuments, which prompted Garcia Lorca out in Spain, the dead are more alive than the dead of any other countries around the world.
In 1492, the last of the Moorish rulers were expelled from Spain and ships under the command of Christopher Columbus reached America.
For 300 years later than Spanish explorers and conquerors traveled the world, claiming huge territories for the Spanish crown and was therefore, arguably the richest country in the world for generations.

    With the loss of its empire abroad through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Spain was all but forgotten in world affairs, outside, for three years from the Spanish Civil War (1933 1339) has brought the country to center of the worlds up, only to become ever more insular and withdrawn during the four decades of rule by dictator Francisco Franco.
Following Franco's death in 1975, King Juan Carlos, returned to the throne and established a constitutional monarchy.
The country has since been ruled by a succession of elected governments, some socialist, some conservative, but on democracy.

Spain is bordered to the west by Portugal and France to the North East, from which it is separated by the tiny principality of Andorra and the great wall of the Pyrenees Mountains.
Spain's only other land border is in the far south with Gibraltar, an enclave that belonged to Spain until 1713, when it was given to Britain in the Treaty of Utrecht at the end of the War of Spanish Succession.
The rest of the country are limited by water, the Mediterranean Sea east of east and south by the Atlantic Ocean to the west of north and west of the south and the Bay of Biscay (an arrival of the Atlantic Ocean) to the north.
The Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean on the African continent from north-west, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, also are part of Spain, as are Ceuta and Melilla, two small enclaves in North Africa (northern Morocco) that Spain has ruled for centuries.

    Plant life
Almost half of Spain is covered by natural vegetation of any kind, but only a small proportion (limited mainly to the mountains) is classified as dense.
The north of Spain has heath and deciduous wood (oak, beech).
The mountains of northern Meseta and the Iberian baetica cordilleras carries the Portuguese oak deciduous; those of the central Pyrenees, the Iberian ranges, and Sierra Power has various species of pine.
The rest, more than half of Spain, has a Mediterranean vegetation characterized by evergreen oak (Quercus ilex) and other drought-resistant plants commonly reduced to scrub status (matorral).
An esparto grass (Lygeum spartum) is found in the steppes of La Mancha and the south east; esparto products of Spain (paper, rope, basketry), however, come from a grass associated with alfa (Stipa tenacissima).
Poplar and eucalyptus have become widespread since the nineteenth century.

The proximity of Africa has given more African species of wildlife in Spain that are found in other Mediterranean peninsulas, while the Pyrenean barrier and the general scope of the country explain the number of native species.
The European wolf and brown bear survive in the wild areas of the rare North East.
The Barbary ape is possibly indigenous but is more likely an import from North Africa.
It survives only under protection, at Gibraltar.
The boar, ibex (wild goat), and red deer is more common.
More than half the bird species in Europe is found in Coto Donana National Park, at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, the Spanish imperial eagle and other large species like the eagle owl, buzzard, and several varieties of pheasant are native to the high Pyrenees.
Desert Locusts have been leeches to invade southern Spain from North Africa.

Country waters contain a diversity of fish and shellfish, especially in the south east where the Atlantic and Mediterranean waters mix (the Alboran Sea).
The species include red mullet, mackerel, tuna, octopus, swordfish, pilchard, sardines, anchovies and bottom-living (demersal) species include hake and whiting.
The dolphin and whale stripped long-finned inhabit the waters of south east Spain, and the bottlenose dolphin is found in the Ebro delta.
Overuse has tended to change the balance of species.