The main attractions of Caesarea, Israel
The oldest theater, discovered in Israel, was built during the reign of King Herod, and functioned for hundreds of years until the Byzantine period. The theater has two levels and approximately 4000 seats. Backstage was beautifully decorated wall, resting on columns, height of 3 floors and serves as a background for the scene. Note that at this stage regularly hosts concerts.
"Palace on the reef"
The ruins of the magnificent palace with a swimming pool in its western part, related to the Roman and Byzantine periods. Researchers believe that the pool was used as a municipal fish market.
King Herod's Amphitheatre
Building intended for public entertainment, with an arena and tiers, in the form of an elongated U. The amphitheater was constructed during the reign of Herod and was used for chariot races, sports and entertainment representation in the Roman period. Original structure had 12 rows and seats and can accommodate more than0 10 000 spectators.
In the days of Herod in Caesarea was built a large artificial port, including the outer harbor breakwater with a length of 400 meters, the inner harbor (partly excavated) and the promenade. During the reign of Emperor Anastasiy (491-518 years AD) port has been restored, but after the Arab hikes port was abandoned. It was restored in the IX century, simultaneously with the strengthening of the city. In the era of the Crusaders had built a breakwater of the pillars taken from the ruins of Caesarea Byzantine period. The inner harbor was filled with alluvial layers, and in the Middle Ages in its place arose the settlement. Today’s marina was built after the establishment of Israel.
In Caesarea were discovered the ruins of the synagogue from the Byzantine period (the mosaic floors and marble fragments of the lattice with lists of priests shifts). Maybe this place was a Jewish quarter.
In the northwestern part of the town were found the remains of the fortifications of Caesarea Roman period: the wall, a square tower and gates with round towers, through which came out on the cobbled streets with a drainage ditch. It’s possible that this part of the wall built on the ruins of the Tower of Strato, a settlement that existed here before the foundation of Caesarea.
During the Roman and Byzantine era drinking water delivered to Caesarea on the aqueduct of Ein Shomi. Later, water was delivered as from more distant sources. Lots of long aqueduct, found in low places, in the form of the walls of the arcuate shape. On the way to Caesarea aqueduct passes through a tunnel carved in the hills, and approached the city at an altitude of about 8 m above sea level.
Getting there : by car or bus. Can be reached by train - for example, from Tel Aviv. In this case, the journey takes about 40 minutes.
Most of the ancient buildings became part of the architecture of the park, which is located on the Mediterranean coast. Near the upper aqueduct you can see a public beach. In the museum of Kibbutz Sodom Yam displayed ancient things from Caesarea. Also you can rent here a motorboat for a boat ride.
The ruins of Caesarea stunningly beautiful, and the person who gets there first, just a desire to live in this beautiful place. Sorry, but it’s not so easy: real estate in this area is almost the most expensive in Israel. If you want to take children with you, be carefull - the ancient ruins easily stumble and get hurt. Even if the weather is very warm, bring a jacket - in the region of Caesarea you can often meet strong winds.